other symbols and a few remarks

Explanations of terms in poles

The unconscious pole represents the integration of life. It is characterized by well-functioning state of spirit, with its natural development. On the contrary, the self-conscious pole indicates the destruction of spirit. It comprises the negative characteristics of life: death, darkness, and non-being. The functional difference between life and death is shown by the contrast between 'detachment, progression' and 'attachment, stagnation'. The concept of love will help explain this context. The love of God (Self) is called 'agape' and that of man (ego)is called 'eros' These two aspects of love relate to the nature of life in different ways: the former, 'detachment, progression' and the latter, 'attachment, stagnation'. Love of God encourages life's progression, while the ego-centric love of man hinders its natural development. In consequence, if we can accomplish our life purpose or our own duty smoothly, we naturally feel 'serenity' and 'freedom'. The contrary is 'anxiety' and 'fetters'. If these are symbolized by Christ, they are identified as 'resurrection' and 'crucifixion'.

Explanations of bread, wine, the diseased, and the evil spirit

Bread and wine are considered to be the food of spirit. Bread is the source of spiritual energy, while wine shows a feeling of positive intoxication accompanying creative life. Our creative development following the words of God allows us to feel a good state of the spirit. The bread can also be interpreted as the word of God by which our spirit is nourished. The diseased and the evil spirit, on the contrary, indicate negative state of mind caused by stagnation and attachment towards death. If a mind is occupied by a selfish desire, it is the entering of the evil spirit. And if our mind does not function well caused by entanglement, it is the state of the diseased.

'Jews' as a metaphor

In the Gospel, Jews and Pagans are also used as metaphors. Jewish people in the old testament, although chosen by God, very often resist God and yet love God throughout their history of suffering. In contrast to such phenomenal Jews, there are what I call noumenal Jews. Regardless of race, there are people who are very genuine on the one hand and yet very proud on the other. Such people suffer from their self-contradictory character: i.e. their acute separation between good and evil. They can however, by virtue of this contradiction, distinguish the polarities of consciousness: between the self-conscious and the unconscious. Therefore they have a possibility of understanding the metaphorical level of the Gospel. Hidden meanings of the Gospel are intended for such people, as Jesus said "I was only sent to the lost sheep of Israel".


The gospel, then, is a parable of logos. Christ is called the incarnate logos. If taken literally, it means that God appears in the form of man. However, Christ here is no longer a person in history. The incarnate logos means the emergence of the picture of truth to human perception. It is the mediator of the invisible truth through the visible images of symbols. Moreover, through our imitation of such images, the incarnate logos comes to the mind.

Logos has multivocal meanings in ancient Greek: word, reason, rational order, etc. If logos is meant as reason, the incarnate logos expresses the rational structure of human existence based on the principle of light. If logos is regarded as the word, the incarnate logos is the symbolic system that constitutes spirit. Hence, incarnate logos is the structural word of life combining both of the above meanings.

Under this premise, if we read the first paragraph of chapter 1 of the gospel according to John, we understand how this highly metaphysical statement profoundly manifests the existence of the Paradigm of Christ. The following is from the opening of the gospel according to John, revised standard version. At first we show the scripture as it is. Then, from the standpoint of the paradigm, we interpret it, while faithfully following each sentence.

"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, He was in the beginning with God; all things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it."

In the beginning was the Logos of the universal principle of light, and the Logos was with God, and the Logos was God. It was in the beginning with God; all living beings were made through Logos, the principle of light, and without Logos was not any living being made that was made. In Logos was life, and the life was the light (integration) of men (human consciousness). The light shines in the darkness (self-consciousness), and the darkness (self-conscious impulse) has not overcome it.

Metaphorical symbols, as frames of meaning are ambiguous and carry more meaning than the interpreted statements. But at least we can carve out an aspect of the noumenal meanings which are usually hidden.

the ultimate reality

The myth of Jesus Christ deals with the inner reality of human nature. It manifests, by metaphorical reference, the structure and transformation of human spirit towards its integration and order. Morphorizing the inner Christ through forming the metaphorical system accompanies the revelation of the ultimate reality of the human situation. The birth of Christ, the missionary of Christ. the death of Christ(the atonement), the resurrection of Christ, and the second coming of Christ are viewed as symbolic expressions of human reality.

In contrast to the ordinary myths, where parables stop at the point of indicating mere human situations (although they may illuminate significant phases of human experience), the intention of the Christ myth is quite different. It provides a thorough illumination of human existence, and tries to give us the metaphysical foundation of human nature. In other words, the gospel intends to reveal, through the symbolic system, the framework of human existence together with the universal principle of light.




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