the Paradigm of Christ and Hegel's "concrete universal"


Hegel was deeply influenced by Aristotle's metaphysics. The motif of his dialectics is in essence the same as Aristotle's actuality in relation to potentiality. The meaning of 'concept' for Hegel is self developmental. It is not static but actively developing, involving the understanding and imagination. Experience for Hegel is a dialectical movement. It proceeds from 'in itself' to 'for itself', and then 'in and for itself'. What the experience aims at is the emergence of the absolute spirit or the Self in Jung. This absolute spirit is realized as 'concept'.

One of the most important ideas in Hegel's metaphysics is the 'concrete universal'. The universality or ultimate context of things has to be determined concretely. Otherwise it is ambiguous and yet meaningless. For example, Plato's form of the Good is not determined concretely as a concept despite his profound insight. In the same way Christ has not been determined in its ultimate context. The Paradigm of Christ is the concrete universal. Based on light and the spectrum combined with impulses of life, it determines the ultimate context of the world of human impulses.

The 'concept' for Hegel, then, is the concrete universal. This is the principle of life within beings, which drives forth beings subjectively. The concrete universal is expressed through particular. As the metaphorical system indicates the referential world of truth with particular metaphors of a particular myth, it is the concrete universal. The Paradigm of Christ can complement Hegel's Idea. It works as the model of the concept of life in the metaphorical system. For Hegel, in 'in itself', the Idea is life as such, which is still undifferentiated. In 'for itself', the Idea becomes a concrete example through the dialectical movement. In other words, to establish 'for itself' means to externalize each phase of reality through a model of dialectics. In 'in and for itself', it reaches the concrete universal. So the concrete universal for Hegel is either the dialectical movement of the self or the amount of each concrete triadic movement. But the Paradigm of Christ as the principle of human impulses can become the more complete 'concrete universal'. It only depicts the ultimate relation of the concept of life in its entirety.


Hegel's dialectics

The peculiarity of Hegel's thinking is his dialectical approach to the world. The base of dialectics is the triad process of self-developmental movement in life. It develops itself with repetition of division and synthesis. Hegel establishes its pattern as in itself, for itself, and in and for itself, which is also called thesis, anti-thesis, and synthesis. As far as this pattern is concerned it is assimilated with the Paradigm's assumption of life's movement and can strongly support our thesis.

Hegel's revealed religion

In 'Phenomenology of Spirit' the final stage of the travel of our spirit is to reach the absolute knowledge. The next to last is the section called Revealed Religion which is Christianity. Hegel regards Christian revelation as the 'representation' of spirit. But there is no internal link between the story and the spirit, between the revelation and absolute knowledge. That which is represented as myth stops only at the point of representation. On the contrary the Paradigm of Christ through its structural reorganization finds the link between representation and the absolute.